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Licence types, classes and conditions

Your licence has information about you, which vehicles you can drive and the conditions you must follow while driving.

You must carry your licence with you when you are driving and show it to a police officer if asked. However, if you hold an open licence and are driving a car or riding a motorcycle, you may be given 48 hours to present your licence at a police station.

Example of Queensland driver licence, showing photo, personal details and the licence class and conditions

Personal information

Information recorded on your licence includes a photo of your face and your:

  • name
  • date of birth
  • gender
  • height
  • residential address.

Driver licence classes

The class on your licence shows the types of vehicle you are allowed to drive.

Your licence will show the highest class you can drive—you may drive any vehicles in the lower classes. But, if your licence shows a condition code you must comply with the condition at all times when driving any motor vehicle.   

Class code Vehicles you can drive under this class
C Car Car   Moped  Tractor

  • A motor vehicle (with or without a trailer), other than a motorcycle, that:
    • has a maximum weight of 4.5 tonne (t) gross vehicle mass (GVM)
    • is built or fitted to carry no more than 12 adults, including the driver.
  • A moped—fitted with an electric motor or an internal combustion engine (with a maximum capacity of 50mL) with a maximum manufacturer’s top rated speed of 50km/h, that is not a bicycle.
  • A specially constructed vehicle with or without a trailer.

Note: A specially constructed vehicle may not be driven on a class C learner licence.

LR Light rigid

Light rigid bus Light rigid truck

  • A class C vehicle
  • A bus or truck (including a prime mover or a mobile crane) not more than 8t GVM.

Note: You may also tow a trailer with a maximum weight of 9t GVM.

MR Medium rigid Bus Medium rigid truck
  • A class LR vehicle
  • A bus or truck (including a prime mover or a mobile crane) over 8t GVM with a maximum of 2 axles

Note: You may also tow a trailer with a maximum weight of 9t GVM.

HR Heavy rigid Heavy rigid bus Heavy rigid truck  Articulated bus
  • A class MR vehicle
  • A bus or truck (including a prime mover or a mobile crane) over 8t GVM with more than 2 axles

Note: You may also tow a trailer with maximum weight of 9t GVM.

  • An articulated bus (a bus that can bend in the middle).
HC Heavy combination

Heavy combination vehicle  Heavy combination vehicle

  • A class HR vehicle
  • A truck (including a prime mover or mobile crane) over 8t GVM with a trailer of more than 9t GVM.
MC Multi-combination B-double Road train truck
  • A class HC vehicle
  • A B-double (prime mover towing 2 semitrailers, with 1 semitrailer supported at the front and connected to the other semitrailer)
  • A road train (motor vehicle, other than a B-double, towing 2 or more trailers)

Motorcycles

Motorcycle licence classes are listed separately on your licence.

Class code Vehicles that you can drive under this class
RE

Moped  Learner approved motorcycle

  • A moped—fitted with an electric motor or an internal combustion engine (with a maximum capacity of 50mL) with a maximum manufacturer’s top rated speed of 50km/h that is not a bicycle
  • A learner approved motorcycle (2 or 3 wheel), with or without a trailer

Note:  A learner approved motorcycle is a production motorcycle that is fitted with an electric motor, or has an internal combustion engine with a maximum engine capacity of 660mL and:

An allowable modification, for a learner approved motorcycle is a modification:

  • designed to enable a person with a physical impairment to ride the motorcycle
    or
  • to the seating capacity of the motorcycle.

Either of these modifications must be approved under the Vehicle Standards and Safety Regulation.
Modifications that increase the maximum engine power of the motorcycle are not considered allowable.

R

Full sized motorcycle

  • A motorcycle (2 or 3 wheel) with unlimited engine size, with or without a trailer.

Specially constructed vehicle class

The specially constructed vehicle licence class, class UD, is listed separately on your licence. However, the class UD is no longer issued to new applicants—specially constructed vehicles may be driven under the authority of a class C provisional, probationary or open licence. Mobile cranes over 4.5t GVM cannot be driven on a class C licence—you will need the appropriate class of heavy vehicle licence to drive a mobile crane.

Class UD licences issued prior to 1 January 2014 are still recognised and holders are authorised to drive specially constructed vehicles—mobile cranes that do not have a chassis substantially like a truck can be driven on a class UD licence until 31 December 2015. From 1 January 2016, class UD licence holders will be required to hold the appropriate class of heavy vehicle licence to drive mobile cranes.

Class code Vehicles that you can drive under this class
UD

Specially constructed vehicle          

A specially constructed vehicle with or without a trailer.

A specially constructed vehicle is:

  • an agricultural machine (such as a tractor or harvester) which is a self-powered machine built to perform agricultural tasks and used for agricultural purposes (such as harvesting)
  • a crane, other than a mobile crane of more than 4.5t GVM, or a hoist or load shifting equipment
  • earthmoving equipment
  • any other motor vehicle that is not constructed to carry passengers or a load, except things used in performing the vehicle's function.

This class does not include a motor vehicle with a chassis that is substantially the same as a truck chassis, or a motorcycle.

Note: mobile cranes over 4.5t GVM may be driven on a class UD licence until 31 December 2015.

Marine licence

Your marine licence will be shown on the back of your driver licence. A separate blue marine licence indicator card will only be given to you if you don’t have a Queensland driver licence.

Licence types

Your licence type affects when and how you can drive.

Your licence type is shown on your licence as a licence code.

Type code Licence type
L Learner licence
P P provisional licence or probationary licence

P1 or P2 P1 or P2 provisional or probationary licence
O Open licence

Licence conditions

You must obey any condition codes listed on your licence at all times while driving.

Condition code Condition
A You may only drive a motor vehicle with an automatic transmission.
B You may only drive a motor vehicle with a synchromesh gearbox.
I If you are convicted of a high-risk drink driving offence you will be subject to an alcohol ignition interlock program on completion of your disqualification period.
You may only drive a nominated vehicle fitted with a prescribed interlock, or with an exemption certificate given under section 91R(3) of the Transport Operations (Road Use Management) Act 1995 (PDF, 2.1MB) You must comply with any conditions that are mentioned on the exemption certificate.

M

You may only drive while carrying a current medical certificate form (F3712) (PDF, 118KB). You must obey any conditions listed on the certificate.

S

You may only drive while wearing corrective lenses.

V

You may only drive a motor vehicle that has been adapted or fitted with driver aids in order to obey a written notice given to you by the Department of Transport and Main Roads. You must have this notice with you while driving.

X1

You may only drive while carrying an order under section 87 or 88 of the Transport Operations (Road Use Management) Act 1995 (PDF, 2.1MB). You must follow the conditions in the order.

X3

You may only drive while carrying a special hardship order and any special hardship variation order. You must obey any conditions in the order.

X4

You may only drive while carrying an order under section 79E of the Transport Operations (Road Use Management) Act 1995 (PDF, 2.1MB)and any section 79E variation order. You must follow the conditions in the order.

Automatic (A) condition

If you have an automatic (A) condition on your licence you must not drive a manual transmission vehicle.

If you want to learn to drive a manual transmission vehicle you must:

  • be supervised by a person who has held an open licence for at least 1 year in that class
  • display L plates on the vehicle while learning.

If you want to remove the A condition from your licence, you will need to pass a practical driving test in a manual transmission vehicle.

Last updated
6 February 2014

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