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Queensland's history—1900s

1997

  • The first electric Tilt Train service runs from Brisbane to Rockhampton. With a top  speed of 165km/h, and the ability to tilt five degrees in each direction, the  Tilt Train is the fastest train in Australia.

1996

  • Queensland-born and educated immunologist Professor Peter Doherty shares the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with his Swiss  colleague Professor Rolf Zinkernagel for discovery of how the immune system  recognises virus-infected cells.
  • The first high speed CityCat service begins in Brisbane.

1995

  • Queensland wins the Sheffield Shield for the first time—68 years after joining the national cricket  competition.
  • Just outside Cairns, stretching 7.5km, Skyrail is one of the state's top tourist attractions.

1994

  • Cathy Freeman carries both the Australian and  Aboriginal flags at the Commonwealth Games in Canada after winning two events.

1992

  • The landmark High Court case, Mabo v  Queensland (no.2) on 3 June overturns the concept of terra nullius. This lawsuit achieved victory  as Queensland’s first successful land rights case.
  • South Bank Parklands in Brisbane open.

1991

  • The first Indy (car race) outside the United States is held at Surfers  Paradise on the Gold Coast.
  • Warner Bros. Movie World opens at Oxenford.

1989

  • The Australian Labor Party (ALP) returns to power after 32 years,  led by Wayne Goss.
  • A daylight savings trial begins. In 1992, the  majority of Queensland voters reject daylight saving in a referendum and it is  abolished.

1988

1987

  • The Fitzgerald Inquiry starts. It reforms the public  service, the police service, electoral processes and government accountability  over several years. Some politicians and the Police Commissioner are convicted  and jailed.
  • Queensland's largest dam, the Burdekin Falls Dam (south-west of Ayr) is completed, with a capacity four times that  of Sydney Harbour.

1982

  • The Commonwealth Games come to Brisbane, the largest major sporting  event held in Queensland. Australia wins the overall gold medal tally.
  • The iconic Cloudland Ballroom at Bowen Hills is demolished  overnight, following the demolition of Brisbane's historic Bellevue Hotel three  years earlier. These events changed the way Queenslanders saw and valued their  heritage.

1981

1980

  • Queensland beats New South Wales 20–10 in the first State of Origin game in front of a packed Lang  Park (now Suncorp Stadium).

1979

1977

  • Protests  against uranium mining during Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen’s reign as Premier  provides a pretext for the government to ban street marches in Queensland for the first time  in September. The legislation is met with strong opposition from church  leaders, trade unionists, civil libertarians and academics.

1975

1974

  • The Brisbane flood – the worst flood since 1893 – leads to major flood mitigation  works. The Wivenhoe Dam is built.

1973

  • Surf clothing company Billabong is founded on the Gold Coast by  surfer and surfboard shaper Gordon Merchant and his partner.
  • Arsonists James Finch and John Stuart are jailed for fire-bombing  the Whiskey-Au-Go-Go nightclub on St Pauls Terrace in  Brisbane—the worst mass murder in Australia until the Port Arthur massacre in  1996.

1971

  • Queenslander Neville Bonner becomes the first Indigenous person to be elected to Federal  Parliament as a Senator for Queensland.

1969

1968

  • Sir Joh Bjelke-Petersen starts his premiership, which  lasts until 1987 (19 years), making him the longest serving premier in  Queensland history.

1966

1965

1964

1962

  • The Bruce Highway linking Brisbane and Cairns is  completed. This encourages growth in tourism as Queenslanders take advantage of  shorter travel times to places such as the Whitsunday Islands.
  • Rockhampton-born ‘Rocket’ Rod Laver wins the tennis Grand Slam  (the only man to win it twice—again in 1969).

1961

  • Brisbane changes forever under the leadership of Lord Mayor Clem  Jones (until 1975), whose city council introduces town planning and massive  development programs.

1960

1959

  • Queensland celebrates the first Centenary of Separation in December. Highlights of the  celebrations include the presentation of Miss Queensland to the Deputy Premier  and re-enactments of Governor Bowen’s arrival at the Botanical Gardens.
  • The Cooktown Orchid becomes Queensland's floral emblem.

1954

1953

  • Best known for house calls to the sick and elderly, Blue Care becomes the Blue Nursing Service, an initiative of members  of the Methodist Mission at West End.

1946

  • Free public hospital treatment is available to Queenslanders for  the first time.

1944

  • Rhodes Scholar, Fred Paterson, becomes the first and only member  of a Communist party ever to be elected to parliament in Australia.

1942

  • Japanese flying boats bomb Townsville (26 to 29 July) and Mossman  (31 July). There are no fatalities and only one minor injury is recorded.

1941

  • American  troops are first deployed to Brisbane in March to the reception of  enthusiastic crowds, and later in December following simultaneous attacks on  Pearl Harbour and the Philippines.

1940

  • The Story Bridge, Brisbane's most iconic bridge,  first opens and is named after John Douglas Story.

1939

  • World War II starts with Germany's invasion of Poland (the war  ends in 1945).
  • Dr James Mayne and sister Mary Emilia give their entire estate to The University of Queensland for medical education.

1935

  • Cane toads are deliberately introduced to Queensland from Hawaii to  reduce the number of French’s Cane and Greyback Cane beetles that were  destroying the roots of sugar cane plants.

1934

  • Somerset Dam is built due to the need for a  more substantial and consistent water supply to meet future demands.

1931

1930

  • A preparatory year of schooling is added to state primary schools.  Abolished in 1953, it is re-introduced in 2007.
  • Charles Kingsford  Smith breaks Bert  Hinkler's solo record from England to Australia and lands at Eagle Farm,  Brisbane.

1929

1928

  • The Royal Flying  Doctor Service is  founded by Reverend John Flynn in response to an emergency call. John Flynn is  today commemorated on the Australian $20 note.
  • Brisbane-born pioneer aviator Charles Kingsford Smith and his colleagues completed the first air crossing of the Pacific, from San Francisco to Brisbane, in 1928.

1927

1925

  • Dors Hassell stars in Charles Chauvel's first movie, The Moth of Moonbi, made by Australian Film  Production, and shot mainly in the Brisbane bush (released January 1926).

1924

  • The winking Mr XXXX, atop the Milton brewery in Brisbane, makes his first  appearance.

1922

1920

  • Qantas – Australia’s first airline is established  on 16 November by four World War I veterans at Winton.

1917

  • Prime Minister Billy Hughes forms the Australian Federal Police  after local police refuse to arrest the men responsible for throwing eggs at  him during a pro-conscription rally in Warwick.
  • In  March, the Queensland Patriotic Fund requests permission to hold an inaugural  art union to raise money for the Australian Soldiers’ Repatriation Fund. Termed  the ‘Golden Casket’, the first prize was equivalent  to 30 years of a skilled tradesman’s wage.

1916

  • The proposal to introduce conscription divided government opinion  throughout Australia. Queensland’s Labor Government remained committed to a  volunteer army. The weight of public opinion resulted in Queensland and New  South Wales voting against conscription in the 1916 referendum.

1915

  • Premier TJ Ryan leads the first Queensland ALP government to govern without  the need of non-Labor Members of Parliament (MPs). Labor is in power from  1915–1957 (except during 1929–1932).

1914

  • World War I is declared (the war ends in 1918).
  • Yatala Pie Shop opens.

1912

1911

1910

  • The University of Queensland is the first university in the state, officially founded  on April 16. Teaching starts in 1911 in Old Government House in George Street,  Brisbane.

1909

  • Queensland surf lifesavers rescue a group of young women in the  first recorded rescue, at Greenmount Beach, Coolangatta.

1908

1907

  • On 18 May 1907, women voted for the first time in a Queensland state election.

1906

  • Pacific  Islanders who had arrived to work as servants in Queensland are deported due to the adoption of White  Australia Policy legislation adopted in 1901.

1905

1903

  • Under the Jacaranda is painted by R. Godfrey Rivers,  a leading Queensland artist. This is a popular painting among visitors to the  Queensland Art Gallery.

1901

  • The colony of Queensland becomes a state of the new Commonwealth  of Australia on 1 January.

1900