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Labelling requirements for Electric Vehicles (including Hybrid) and Hydrogen Vehicles

Both hydrogen fuel cell and electric powered vehicles present hazards during certain rescue situations. Hydrogen and Electric Vehicle labels have been introduced as a safety measure to alert emergency personnel involved in rescue operations with these vehicles.

Who must display the labels?

Since 1 October 2020, registered owners of hydrogen and electric powered vehicles built after 1 January 2019 (or vehicles modified to be hydrogen or electric powered since that date) are now legally required to display specific labels to the front and rear number plates of the vehicle.

Note: Owners of vehicles built after 1 January 2019, but registered prior to 1 October 2020, have until 1 October 2021 to ensure labels meeting the below requirements are attached to their vehicle.

Electric vehicle requirements (including Hybrid)

An electric powered vehicle means a vehicle powered by one or more electric motors or traction motors that are the only propulsion system for the vehicle or are used in conjunction with another propulsion system for the vehicle.

Electric vehicle labels must:

  • be affixed to a plate made of metal that is at least 1mm thick
  • be an equilateral triangular shape where each side has width of 30mm in length and each interior angle of which is 60º
  • have a blue surface that complies with class 2 of Australian Standard 1906.1 Retroreflective Materials and Devices for Road Traffic Control Purposes—Retroreflective Sheeting
  • be marked ‘EV’ in white capital letters that are at least 8mm high and have the orientation shown in the example
  • be fixed to the number plates so that the letters on the label are in an upright position
  • not wholly or partly obscure any characters on the number plates

Example of label for electric powered vehicle. Note: The example of the label is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent the label's actual size, dimension or colour.

Hydrogen vehicles label requirements

A hydrogen powered vehicle means a vehicle that is powered by a hydrogen fuel cell system and has one or more hydrogen fuel containers fitted to the vehicle for the system.

Hydrogen vehicle labels must:

  • be affixed to a plate made of metal that is at least 1mm thick
  • be a regular pentagonal shape where each side is 20mm in length and each interior angle of which is 108º
  • must have a yellow surface that complies with class 2 of Australian Standard 1906.1 Retroreflective Materials and Devices for Road Traffic Control Purposes—Retroreflective Sheeting
  • must be marked ‘H’ in a black capital letter that is at least 10mm high and have the orientation shown in the example
  • must be fixed to the number plates so that the letter on the label is in an upright position
  • must not wholly or partly obscure any characters on the number plates

Example of label for hydrogen powered vehicle. Note: The example of the label is for illustrative purposes only and does not represent the label's actual size, dimension or colour.

Where to get hydrogen or electric vehicle labels

Labels are available from the Motor Trades Association. For new hydrogen or electric vehicles, label requirements should be discussed with the vehicle dealer.