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Learner driving—road rules

Once you have successfully obtained your learner licence you can start driving—with a supervisor. Make sure you:

  • only drive with a supervisor who has held an open licence for at least 1 year for the class of vehicle you are driving
  • always display your L plates
  • carry your learner licence with you
  • record 100 hours of supervised driving in your learner logbook, including 10 hours of night driving
  • know the rules for driving.

L plates

L-plate
L plate

When you are learning to drive, you must clearly display L plates at the front and rear of the vehicle (rear only for motorcycles).

The minimum size and colour of an L plate is 14.6cm x 14.6cm, with a black uppercase letter ‘L’ on a yellow background. You cannot use any other colour.

You can buy L plates from most service stations, major retailers and automotive outlets. Or, you can make your own if they are the right size and colour.

You can use this L plate template to create your own L plates. Just print 2 copies on a colour printer. You can also laminate them, if you want to.

How to display your L plates

Your L plates must be fitted:

  • to the front and rear of the vehicle
  • so the ‘L’ on each L plate can be clearly seen from 20m away—from above and both sides of the car or motorcycle (at a 45 degree angle).

If you’re learning to ride a motorcycle, you must either:

  • display your L plate at the rear
  • wear a vest with the L plate on the back.

You and your supervisor can be fined $176 each if your L plates are not correctly displayed. As the learner, you will also get 2 demerit points.

If a person on a provisional or open licence drives the car and does not remove the L plates, they can be fined $88. This does not apply to accredited driver trainers.

Learner logbook

When you get your learner licence, you will be issued a ‘Roadtrip to your licence’ kit. This kit includes a learner logbook. RACQ Learn2go also provides an online logbook that you can use.

If you are under 25 you will need to record at least 100 hours of supervised driving in your learner logbook.

If you are 25 or older, we recommend you use the logbook, but you can choose if you want to or not.

What to record in your logbook

We recommend using the hard copy logbook or downloading the RACQ Learn2go mobile app so you can take it with you on your driving session and record your drive details immediately.

You need to record the:

  • date
  • vehicle’s number plate
  • starting and ending locations of your drive
  • odometer reading at the start and at the end of your drive
  • your driving supervisor’s details—name, driver licence number and signature
  • the starting and finishing times for the drive and total minutes spent driving.

You and your supervisor are responsible for the accuracy of your logbook entries. Each entry must be verified and signed/approved by your supervisor.

View a sample logbook page (PDF, 496KB).

If you make a false or misleading entry in your logbook, you can be fined up to $6600 and you will not be able to take a practical driving test until 6 weeks after the date your resubmitted logbook has been passed.

100 hours driving experience

To complete your logbook correctly:

  • you must record 100 hours supervised on-road driving experience, including 10 hours of night driving (between sunset and sunrise)
  • your 100 hours must be completed in the 3 years before you submit your logbook
  • all entries must be recorded in minutes (instead of hours and minutes) to make it easier to calculate totals
  • all entries must be recorded in the correct column. The logbook entry pages have 3 columns for you to record the different types of driving experience:
    • experience with an accredited driver trainer (counted as triple time for the first 10 hours) (total 600 real minutes = 1800 logbook minutes)
    • daytime experience (between sunrise and sunset on 1 day)
    • night experience (between sunset on 1 day and sunrise on the next day).

Find out more about completing and lodging your logbook.

Previous driving experience

If you have driving experience in another Australian state/territory or another country within the past 3 years and want it to count towards your 100 hours, you must complete the prior driving experience form (F4450) (PDF, 94KB). You can apply if you hold or held a class C learner licence issued from:

You will need to give us documents to prove your previous driving experience—for example an approved interstate/overseas learner logbook, driver trainer receipts or letters.

If the documents you give do not show sufficient details—for example dates, registration numbers, distances travelled, driving times in minutes, names of supervisors—you must attach a separate sheet giving these details.

Interstate and New Zealand driving experience

You may apply for credit up to 100 hours of supervised driving, completed within 3 years before applying, in a car on a road in Australia or New Zealand.

Any remaining hours of your driving experience must be completed in your Queensland logbook.

Foreign country driving experience

You may apply for credit of up to 50 hours of supervised driving, completed within 3 years before applying, in a car on a road in:

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Denmark
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Guernsey
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man (for licences issued on or after 1 April 1991)
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta (for licences issued on or after 2 January 2004)
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Portugal
  • Singapore
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom
  • United States of America

(External territories of these countries are excluded.)

You must record any remaining hours of driving experience, including 10 hours of night driving, on Australian roads in a Queensland logbook.

Rules for driving with a learner licence

When learning to drive you must:

  • have a supervisor beside you—someone who has held an open licence for at least 1 year for the class of vehicle you are driving  
  • clearly display L plates at the front and rear of the vehicle (rear only for motorcycles)
  • carry your learner licence, or driver licence receipt if you are waiting for your licence, and show it to a police officer if asked
  • comply with the no alcohol limit
  • not be affected by drugs—either illegal or prescription
  • obey any conditions on your learner licence, such as only driving with corrective lenses if you have the condition code S
  • follow all Queensland road rules.

Mobile phone rules for young learner drivers

All drivers are banned from using a mobile phone that is held in the hand while driving, but if you are under 25, you can’t use a mobile phone of any type at any time. This includes hands-free, wireless headsets and speaker phones. Park the vehicle safely before making or taking a call or texting.

If you are found using a mobile phone while driving, you will be given a fine and 3 demerit points will be recorded on your traffic history.

As a learner driver, if you get 4 or more demerit points in a 12 month period, you will be suspended from driving for 3 months.

If you are under 25, your supervisor and passengers can’t use a mobile phone on loudspeaker while you are driving. If your supervisor or passengers are found using a mobile phone on loudspeaker while you are driving, they will be given a fine.

This table explains the mobile phone restrictions. Hands-free means you can only hear 1 side of the conversation. That is, if your supervisor or passenger is on a call, you should not be able to hear the person on the other end of the phone.

Licence type and age Hands-free Wireless headsets Mobile phone on speaker setting
Learner licence holder under 25 (car class C) Not allowed Not allowed Not allowed
Supervisors and passengers of a learner licence holder Allowed Allowed Not allowed

Learn Queensland's road rules

Download or buy a copy of Your keys to driving in Queensland to learn the rules you'll need to follow while driving.

Last updated
7 February 2014

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