Climate outlooks and weather

We provide seasonal climate outlook information, historical climate data and climate change projections for Queensland.

Seasonal climate outlook information

We produce a monthly climate statement based on information from a number of sources including national and international climate agencies. In particular, we monitor the current and projected state of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation referring to information such as:

We provide climate outlooks using:

  • the SOI-Phase system, which produces seasonal rainfall probabilities for the coming 3-month period, based on ‘phases’ of the SOI. Stone, R.C., Hammer, G.L and Marcussen, T. (1996) Prediction of global rainfall probabilities using phases of the Southern Oscillation Index. Nature, 384, 252-255.

Weather outlooks

The Bureau of Meteorology provides access to weather forecasts, severe weather warnings, observations, flood information, marine and high seas forecasts, seasonal outlooks and climate information. Products include weather charts, satellite imagery, radar imagery and historical climate data.

Historical climate data

The SILO climate database contains daily meteorological data for a wide range of meteorological variables and formats. Daily data are available dating back to 1889.

There are three SILO datasets available: (a) time series at the point locations of 4800 meteorological stations across Australia (patched point datasets); (b) interpolated 5km spatial gridded surfaces; and (c) time series at any pixel location in the gridded surfaces (data drill datasets). The patched point time-series are continuous datasets with any gaps infilled by interpolation from surrounding stations. The grids are also derived through interpolation of observations from the point station network.

SILO datasets for Queensland locations are free of charge and can be downloaded through the Open Data portal. SILO data for other Australian states are available through a paid licensing agreement. Data are also available in pre-prepared formats for various crop and pasture simulation models.

Climate change projections data

We also provide access to daily meteorological data from climate change projections for 2030 and 2050 from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report suite of climate models. These are available as daily time-series in a format suitable for most biophysical models, including crop and pasture models. These data are derived from the Consistent Climate Scenarios project, a joint project with the CSIRO.

High resolution (10 kilometres scale) climate change projections data for Queensland are being developed and is expected to be available by the end of 2016.

Regional climate change projections data

Regional climate change projections for future climate for the years 2030, 2050, 2070 are presented for 13 Queensland regions, based on the CSIRO and Bureau of Meteorology’s Climate Change in Australia data. These projections show the average projected changes for temperature, rainfall and evaporation for each region.