Common name: Channel-billed cuckoo
Scientific name: Scythrops novaehollandiae
Family: Cuculidae (parasitic cuckoos and coucals)
Conservation status: This species is listed as Least concern in Queensland (Nature Conservation Act 1992).
The channel-billed cuckoo is a distinctive looking bird because of its large size, pale colouring, and toucan-like bill. They are the largest of all parasitic birds, growing up to 67cm and with wingspans close to one metre wide.
Habitat and distribution
A summer visitor from Indonesia and New Guinea, the channel-billed cuckoo arrives in northern and eastern Australia around August-September, and departs around March-April.
Shy birds, channel-billed cuckoos roost and feed high in the treetops.
Life history and behaviour
You're lying in your tent, drifting off to sleep, when the bush erupts with a raucous call, rising to a very loud shout! No, it's not the campers next door, it's the channel-billed cuckoo, well hidden until it utters its startling call, either perched on a branch or flying past your tent.
Like most cuckoos, they lay their eggs in the nests of other birds (e.g. currawongs, magpies, crows), which then raise the cuckoo chicks.
Channel-billed cuckoos feed mainly on fruit, but also eat insects, and have been reported to feed on the eggs and nestlings of other birds.