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Interesting facts about Queensland

  • With an area of 1,727,000 square kilometres, Queensland is the second largest state in Australia. The  biggest is Western Australia.  Queensland is nearly five times the size of Japan, seven times the size of Great Britain, and two and a half times the size of Texas.

  • Queensland has five of Australia's eleven World Natural Heritage areas. These include the Scenic Rim  National Parks, Fraser Island, Riversleigh Fossil Fields, the Wet Tropics (including  Daintree National Park), and one of the Wonders of the World—the Great Barrier  Reef.

  • More than half of Queensland's  population lives outside the greater metropolitan area of Brisbane—a large  proportion compared with the rest of highly urbanised Australia.

  • About one third of Queenslanders are migrants or the  children of migrants. Most settlers in Queensland  during the 19th century were from Britain  and Europe. In recent years there has been an  increasing number of new settlers from South-East Asia.

  • Queensland is home to more than 4 million people.

  • The average maximum and minimum temperatures for  Brisbane are  25.3C and 15.7C. Variations in other centres include: Stanthorpe 21.6C and  8.8C; Mount Isa  32.4C and 18.3C; and Cairns  31.8C and 22.7C.

  • The vast majority of Queensland receives an average of between eight  and nine hours of sunshine every day.

  • The multi-award winning Tjapukai Dance Theatre  in Kuranda, North Queensland, featured in the 1997 Guinness Book of Records as  the entry for the longest running show in Australia. The show ran from May  1987 to July 1996, with more than 7000 performances and 1.2 million visitors.

  • Queensland  has more than 1000 species of native vertebrates, many of them unique to the  region.

  • The first Labor government in the world took  office in Queensland  in 1899.

  • The international airline Qantas (Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services) was  established in Longreach, Queensland, in 1920.

  • 2008 was the 20th anniversary of World Expo 88—a  landmark event in the history of Brisbane that launched an exciting period of  growth and development.

  • There are over 200  national parks in Queensland, covering 6.5 million hectares.

  • Four Queenslanders have been Prime Minister of  Australia: Andrew Fisher (three times: 1908–1909, 1910–1913 and 1914–1915); Arthur  Fadden (1941); Francis Forde (1945); and Kevin Rudd (2007–2010).

  • Free education was implemented in Queensland in 1870.

  • The first Queensland  railway opened in July 1865, from Ipswich to  Grandchester.

  • XXXX beer is one of Queensland's well-known products and was  established back in 1877.

  • On 18 May 1907, women voted for the first time  in a Queensland  state election.

  • Brisbane-born pioneer aviator Charles Kingsford  Smith and his colleagues completed the first air crossing of the Pacific, from San Francisco to Brisbane,  in 1928.

  • Australian poet Banjo Patterson's verse Waltzing  Matilda was first sung publicly at the North  Gregory Hotel  in Winton, Queensland, on 6 April 1895.

  • Queensland has  the only State Parliament in Australia  with one House, the Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Council (Upper House)  was abolished in 1922.

  • The Royal  Flying Doctor Service started operating on 17 May 1928 when pilot Arthur  Affleck flew the first flying doctor, Dr Kenyon St Vincent Welch, on the first  official flight from Cloncurry to Julia   Creek in response to an  emergency call.

  • The Australian Labor Party was formed in  Queensland in 1891 following the bitter defeat of the shearer's strikes of 1890–91.