Bowel cancer screening and prevention
Bowel cancer is a major cause of cancer related death for both men and women with around 80 Australians dying from the disease every week. Bowel cancer develops in the wall or lining of the colon. It begins when cells grow too quickly, forming a clump known as a polyp or adenoma. Most are benign (non-cancerous), but over several years, some can become cancerous. If left untreated, the cancer can spread to other areas of the body.
The best way to reduce your risk of bowel cancer is to:
- be physically active
- limit alcohol intake
- avoid smoking
- eat a healthy and balanced diet.
- participate in bowel cancer screening. Regular screening can help prevent bowel cancer deaths by finding polyps and bowel cancers early, when they can be more easily treated.
National Bowel Cancer Screening Program
The National Bowel Cancer Screening Program is a Commonwealth Government initiative that provides a free test kit to eligible men and women to test for early signs of bowel cancer. The National Health and Medical Research Council clinical guidelines recommend that all people aged 50 years and over with no symptoms be screened for bowel cancer every 2 years.
Australians turning 50, 55, 60, 64, 65, 70, 72 or 74 years, who hold a Medicare card or DVA card, can participate in the free Program.
- From 2017, Australians turning 54, 58 and 68 years of age will be included.
- From 2018 to 2020, Australians turning 52, 56, 62 and 66 years of age will be included.
If you are not currently eligible, talk to your doctor about taking a bowel cancer screening test.
Taking the test
People who are eligible for the Program will receive a free bowel cancer screening kit by mail containing a Faecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT).
The test is quick and easy and involves taking a small sample from 2 bowel motions, in the privacy of your own home, which you then send back to the laboratory for testing, in the reply paid envelope provided.
You will receive your results in the mail. If your test is:
- positive (blood is found in the bowel motion): see your doctor to talk about the results and any further tests that may be needed.
- negative (no blood is found in the bowel motion): no further investigation is needed at this time. You will be invited to screen again in 2 years time.
Help and advice
Call the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program Information Line on 1800 118 868 for general questions regarding the Program or to order a replacement FOBT kit.
Call the Faecal Occult Blood Test Helpline on 1800 738 365 for information about using the FOBT kit.