About hazard perception
Changes to the test
From Monday 29 March 2021, all learner drivers regardless of their age, must complete and pass the hazard perception test. A new hazard perception test specific for motorcycle learner licence holders is now available.
Hazard perception is an important skill and takes time and experience to develop. Demonstrating you have the ability to identify and safely respond to hazards represents an important step in your journey to becoming a safer driver.
Understanding how to scan the road ahead, recognise a potential hazard and respond safely is a skill that will protect you and others on the road. Having time to make decisions when driving can be the difference between responding safely and having a crash.
Remember the 3-step approach:
- Scan: Continue to scan the road environment and identify risks when driving at all times.
- Recognise: Recognise the difference between potential hazards and hazards that require you to respond. A hazard can be any potential source of danger on or near the road that could lead to a crash. A hazard can come from any direction.
- Respond: Learning to recognise a hazard early allows you to make a well-informed decision on the safest way to respond.
About hazard perception for motorcycle riders
Riding is never risk free, a skilful rider is always thinking ahead, anticipating and responding to hazards to lower their risks. Traffic and road situations change constantly. Skilled riders are always observant of the road environment.
There are 3 key steps to developing good hazard perception skills when riding:
- Slow down
- Move away
Always be on the lookout for potential hazards, reduce your speed so you are able to stop before a hazard. Create some space between you and the hazard by changing your position on the road.
You can apply good observation using the 12, 6, 3 principle:
- Look 12 seconds ahead to scan your surroundings, observe potential hazards, and plan your path.
- Maintain at least 6 seconds of vision of the road ahead to give you time to perceive hazards and take action.
- Keep a 3 second survival space to give you time to respond, and stop if required, to avoid a crash.
Good observation is always being on the lookout for potential hazards, and recognizing situations that may require you to take action while riding.