People might remember that early on we were saying that it might be wisest for pregnant women to wait until we got more data before they got vaccinated. And that was only because we don't ever test new vaccines on pregnant women until we've tested them on other adults.
Now, all of that work's been done and it shows that in actual fact, pregnant women, unfortunately, are more at risk of getting severe disease from COVID, their babies are more at risk, so as there is no increased risk from the vaccine, it's really important that as soon as possible, they come forward and get vaccinated.
And the advice has changed because unfortunately, we now have the data on the outcomes for pregnant women who get infected with COVID-19.
So, there's a five times higher risk of a pregnant woman who gets infected of needing admission to hospital, compared to a non-pregnant woman. There's a two to three times higher risk that they'll need to go into intensive care than a non-pregnant woman.
And, there's a three times higher risk of needing to be ventilated when they go into intensive care. So, there's a significantly increased risk for pregnant women, compared to non-pregnant women. And unfortunately, we now know as well that there are increased risks for their unborn baby.
So, there is a 1.5 times higher risk that the baby will be born prematurely, so before 37 weeks of pregnancy. And there's a three times higher risk that their baby, when born, will need to be admitted to an intensive care unit.
There are also increased risks for pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women if they're older, so older than 35 years, if they're overweight or obese, if they have pre-existing high blood pressure, so that is before they fell pregnant or if they've got diabetes, type one or type two.
So, for all of those reasons, any pregnant women with increased risk factors or indeed any pregnant women at all, it's really important they get vaccinated.
Now, that was hard initially because we didn't have the data of what the impact of the vaccine was on a pregnant mum or their newborn baby after the baby has been born. We now do have that data, and there is no increased risk of any side effects for the mum or the newborn baby if they're given an mRNA vaccine. So that's Pfizer or Moderna.
So, at this stage, there is absolutely no evidence that the vaccine will cause any harm to your baby. In fact, the evidence shows that there's potential benefit to the baby, that they may get protection from the antibodies that you generate while they're in utero. So I strongly recommend pregnant women for so many different reasons, get vaccinated with one of the mRNA vaccines, either Pfizer or Moderna.