What is land tax?
Land tax is a state tax, calculated on the freehold land you own in Queensland at midnight on 30 June each year. For example, the land tax liability for the 2017–18 financial year was calculated on 30 June 2017.
We collect land tax to provide government services and infrastructure for Queenslanders.
Find out what essential information we give to owners paying land tax for the first time about becoming liable.
Land liable for land tax
Land in Queensland is categorised as freehold, leasehold or state-owned.
Land tax is a tax on freehold land, which includes:
- vacant land
- land that is built on
- lots in building unit plans
- lots in group title plans
- lots in a timeshare scheme
- lots owned by a home unit company.
If you own land in another state, contact that state’s tax office for information on your obligations and entitlements.
Shared ownership of land
If you own land jointly with other people, the taxable value of the land will be based on your respective shares. We will then add this to the value of all other land that you own to determine the total taxable value.
Assessing land tax
Land tax is assessed (or calculated) on the total taxable value of an owner's Queensland freehold land.
We will add up the taxable value of all land that you own in Queensland at 30 June, excluding land on which you have received an exemption.
Different rates apply depending on this total value and what type of owner you are. You are liable when the total taxable value of your land is:
- $350,000 or more—for companies, trustees or absentees
- $600,000 or more—for individuals.
Reassessments of your land tax can happen when certain events occur, which may increase or decrease your liability.
Buying and selling land
Generally, when you enter into a contract for the sale of land, the seller is the owner of the land until settlement.
Since land tax applies to the land you own on 30 June, it will not matter if you do not own the land for the full financial year. This means that we will not divide the liability between a buyer and seller.
However, if the buyer takes possession before settlement, they will be the owner of the land for land tax purposes. This may happen under a vendor finance arrangement, or to allow the buyer to start building.
Apply for a clearance certificate to make sure you are not charged land tax on land you are buying.
Find out more about when buying or selling land affects your land tax.