Land use and land management practices have a profound impact on Queensland’s natural resources, agricultural production and the environment.
The availability of consistent and reliable spatial information regarding land use is critical for sustainable natural resource management by the Queensland, Australian, and local governments, regional Natural Resource Management groups, industry groups, community groups and land managers.
The Queensland Spatial Information Council defines land use as a foundation dataset ‘vital for the progression and development of Queensland’.
Queensland Land Use Mapping Program (QLUMP) data is being used for a broad range of applications and was essential for the following:
- Agricultural Land Audit—for the identification of current areas of agricultural production
- Statutory Regional Planning—guide land use planning and development in Queensland; in particular:
- The Regional Planning Interests Act—to identify Priority Agricultural Area
- Strategic Cropping Lands and to support development applications under the Act.
- Great Barrier Reef Water Quality Protection Plan—identifying sources of nutrients and sediments in reef catchments. Land use maps are a key data set for the Paddock to Reef Monitoring Program
- identifying the extent of cane growing and grazing areas included as part of the reef protection package’s best management practice framework
- statutory and non-statutory planning—for example, defining the extent of urban footprints and rural living areas in the South East Queensland Regional Plan
- South East Queensland Coastal Management plan—developing vulnerability maps of the aquatic Lyngbya cyanobacteria
- development of irrigation estimates in groundwater irrigation areas
- identification of priorities for investments and extension work across the state and federal government agencies and the regional natural resource management groups
- biosecurity—identifying potential locations of Citrus Canker outbreaks; evaluating the risk of disease spreading across banana plantations in north Queensland
- monitoring and evaluation of natural resource impacts following natural disasters, including the recent tropical cyclones Debbie, Marcia, Yasi and Ita.
Land use mapping over time
QLUMP has completed a consistent state-wide land use map for 1999, on a catchment basis, with the state divided into 79 catchments.
Of these, 28 Great Barrier Reef catchments, covering 22% of the state, have been updated to 2009 in support of the Reef Protection Program and Reef Plan.
QLUMP, in collaboration with spatial staff from the Department of Natural Resources, Mines and Energy (DNRME) (South region), have updated the land use mapping in the South East Queensland (SEQ) natural resource management region to 2011 or later. Mapping has been compiled at the catchment level, with the exception of the Brisbane catchment, which has been divided into its sub-catchments (Brisbane River, Stanley River, Lockyer Creek and Bremer River) due to the size and diversity of land uses in the area. With the exception of the Maroochy and Noosa catchment (2011) and the Brisbane River sub-catchment (2013), all remaining catchments in SEQ have been updated to 2012.
Further west in the Murray-Darling Basin, the Condamine natural resource management region has also been updated to 2012, the Border Rivers–Maranoa Balonne natural resource management region has been updated to 2013, and the South West natural resource management region has been updated to 2015.
In far north Queensland, the Cape York and Torres Strait Islands natural resource management regions have been updated to 2013.
The Wet Tropics, Southern and Northern Gulf natural resource management regions have been updated to 2015—including the mapping of banana plantations at commodity level.
The last remaining region of the original 1999 land use baseline map has now been updated, as the Desert Channels natural resource management region has been updated to 2016.
The Mackay-Whitsunday and Burdekin natural resource management regions have been updated to 2016 including the revision of 1999 and 2009 mapping, and the Burnett Mary and Fitzroy natural resource management regions have been updated to 2017.
Land use versus land cover
The Remote Sensing Centre provides maps of both land use and landcover.
Land use describes what the land is used for such as grazing, irrigated cropping, mining, residential or conservation. QLUMP provides digital spatial data on land use.
Landcover describes the physical surface of the earth such as forest, pasture, water or urban. The Statewide Landcover and Trees Study provides spatial data on landcover, including the annualised loss of woody vegetation across Queensland, while the Queensland Ground Cover Monitoring Program provides spatial data for Queensland’s ground cover, including pasture, leaf litter and bare ground.