Why are regulations required for banana production?
Rainfall, and irrigation run-off as well as leaching can wash nutrients and sediment into waterways and coastal wetlands which flow to the Great Barrier Reef.
The minimum practice agricultural standards for banana production focus on retaining nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment on-farm to minimise run-off and improve water quality.
The Queensland Government has made a commitment that the minimum practice agricultural standards will remain substantially unchanged for the next five years.
What are the requirements for banana producers?
Under the Reef protection regulations, all banana producers in the Wet Tropics, Burdekin, Mackay Whitsunday, Fitzroy and Burnett Mary regions will be required to:
- keep general records from 1 December 2019, for example about fertilisers applied to land
- comply with minimum practice agricultural standards as this requirement is applied to each region over the next three years from 2021
- obtain an environmental authority (permit) if commencing new or expanded cropping or horticulture activities on more than five hectares that do not meet the cropping history test in the Cape York, Wet Tropics, Burdekin, Mackay Whitsunday, Fitzroy and Burnett Mary regions from 1 June 2020.
Why is the Cape York region excluded from most of the new requirements?
Most of the requirements do not apply to existing producers in the Cape York region as the region has met its water quality targets.
However, from 1 June 2020, any new or expanded commercial cropping and horticulture activities in the Cape York region on more than five hectares that do not meet the cropping history test will require an environmental authority (permit) before the activity or any work takes place.
What records do I need to keep?
All banana producers will be required to keep general records from 1 December 2019 and then minimum standard records as these minimum practice agricultural standards are rolled out across each region.
Records can be in any format but must be made within three business days, kept for at least six years and be available when requested by an authorised person such as a compliance officer.
Records need to be kept to demonstrate activities are being undertaken on the property in accordance with the minimum agricultural practice standards.
The government has committed to not commencing the regulation to acquire specific agricultural data from the broader agricultural sector, such as data about fertiliser and chemical use, soil testing and crop yield.
For a full description of the record keeping requirements for banana producers please refer to the Agricultural ERA standard for banana cultivation (PDF, 1.38MB).
For banana producers, general records must include:
- name of the banana producer (i.e. the person(s) carrying out the activity)
- name of person making record
- company name (if applicable)
- property address/es
- postal address
- farm identification number/s (if applicable)
- a list of the lots included in all the farms within the agricultural enterprise
- records of agricultural chemicals (any pesticide, herbicide or fungicide applied to land or crops), fertiliser and mill mud/mill ash applied and specifically:
- location of each application (e.g. farm number with block name or management zone)
- date of each application
- agricultural chemical (any pesticide, herbicide or fungicide applied to land or crops) and/or fertiliser product (including mill mud/mill ash) applied to each location with product name, application rate (kg/ha, L/ha or tonnes/ha for mill mud/mill ash) and for fertiliser product percentage of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Minimum standard records
For banana producers, minimum standard records must specifically include the following with supporting primary documents (leaf test reports, fertiliser contractor print-outs, fertiliser invoices etc.) as proof of the records:
A. Nitrogen and phosphorus application
- Amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus (kg/ha) calculated for each block using the Prescribed methodology for banana cultivation.
- Method of fertiliser application.
B. Nutrient Management Plan (if applicable)
- A farm map/s showing block boundaries, block identifiers, block area (ha), and leaf sampling locations.
- The results of leaf testing for nitrogen.
- The results of leaf testing for phosphorus.
- Annual nitrogen and phosphorus application rates applied (kg/ha/yr).
- Annual yields achieved (for example, the total number of cartons per year per farm).
- Nitrogen and phosphorus recommendations from an appropriate person, including:
- recommended application rates
- appropriate frequency of application.
- Names, date and contact details of the appropriate person/s who have developed and verified the nutrient management plan for the agricultural property.
What minimum practice agricultural standards do I need to comply with?
The minimum agricultural practice standards for banana producers are to:
- Minimise sediment loss to waterways by having appropriate erosion and sediment control measures in places where there is a high risk of soil loss from the farm.
- Ensure fallow blocks have adequate covered ground at appropriate times in the banana crop cycle.
- Ensure inter-rows on plant blocks have at least 60% covered ground before 1 November (wet season) (unless undertaking renovation works).
- Ensure inter-rows on ratoon blocks have at least 60% covered ground (unless undertaking renovation works).
- If the annual amount of nitrogen and phosphorus applied to the farm remains below the maximum levels stated in the table below, growers do not need to change their current fertiliser rates.
|Plant||280 kg/ha/year||60 kg/ha/year|
|Ratoon||400 kg/ha/year||60 kg/ha/year|
- If the annual amount of nitrogen and phosphorus will exceed the levels stated in the table above, growers will need to develop a nutrient management plan with an appropriate person using the Prescribed methodology for banana cultivation.
For a full description of the minimum practice agricultural standards for banana producers, please refer to the Agricultural ERA standard for banana cultivation (PDF, 1.38MB) and the Prescribed methodology for banana cultivation (PDF, 1.19MB).
What are the requirements for new or expanded cropping and horticulture activities?
From 1 June 2020, new or expanded cropping and horticulture activities (including banana production) in the Cape York, Wet Tropics, Burdekin, Mackay Whitsunday, Fitzroy and Burnett Mary regions on more than five hectares that do not meet the cropping history test will require an environmental authority (permit) before the activity or any work takes place.
All farms will need to meet the minimum practice agricultural standards where these apply to the crop(s) being grown.
For detailed information on this requirement please refer to the requirements for new or expanded cropping page.
Growers who relocate due to Panama TR4 should also refer to the requirements for new or expanded cropping page.
When do the regulations apply?
From 1 December 2019, all banana producers in the Wet Tropics, Burdekin, Mackay Whitsunday, Fitzroy and Burnett Mary regions will need to keep general records and then, as the minimum practice agricultural standards commence for their region, minimum standard records.
Minimum practice agricultural standards
The minimum practice agricultural standards for banana producers will apply as follows:
- Wet Tropics region from 1 December 2020
- Burdekin region from 1 December 2022
- Mackay Whitsunday region from 1 December 2022
- Fitzroy region from 1 December 2022
- Burnett Mary region from 1 December 2022
Record keeping requirements
Minimum practice agricultural standards
New or expanded cropping activities
1 December 2019
1 December 2020
1 June 2020
Burdekin, Fitzroy, Mackay Whitsunday and Burnett Mary
1 December 2019
1 December 2022
1 June 2020
1 June 2020
Are best management practice accredited producers compliant with the new regulations?
Agricultural producers that are accredited under a recognised program and continue to meet the terms of accreditation will be deemed to have met the minimum practice agricultural standards. Producers accredited against a recognised program will not be the focus of compliance activities.
Programs can be recognised if they accredit farming practices that are consistent with, or better than, the minimum practice agricultural standards under the regulations.
Producers who are involved in a Best Management Practice (BMP) program should confirm with the program owner that the program has or will be recognised under the new regulations.
It is up to the program owner to apply for program recognition and producers should contact their program owner to find out.
For more information on recognised programs, please refer to the recognised programs page.
How will compliance work?
Compliance officers from the Department of Environment and Science will meet with producers to help them understand what is required under the minimum practice agricultural standards.
The compliance program is prioritising its efforts on the areas that represent the greatest water quality threat to the Reef.
Where can I find more detailed information?
You can register to receive an information pack as well as regular updates on the regulations.
What support is available for banana producers?
Programs and support tools are provided by the Australian and Queensland governments and industry organisations to help banana producers identify opportunities to improve farming practices. For more information visit Banana support programs.